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Wood Floor Sanding/Restoration - All about Pine.

Wood Floor Sanding/Restoration - All about Pine.

What type of wood is pine?

Pine is a softwood that comes from pine trees, which are evergreen trees that belong to the Pinus genus. Pine is a very common type of wood used in construction, furniture making, and other applications due to its strength, lightweight, and relatively low cost. There are many different species of pine trees, and the wood from each species can have slightly different characteristics in terms of colour, grain pattern, and strength. Some common species of pine used for woodworking include Eastern White Pine, Western White Pine, Ponderosa Pine, and Lodgepole Pine.


Where would you typically find Pine wood floors?

You can find Pinewood floors in many homes and buildings throughout the UK. Pine is a popular choice for wood flooring as it is relatively inexpensive, easy to work with, and has a natural, warm look that complements various interior design styles.
Pinewood floors are particularly common in older homes and historic buildings, especially those built before the mid-20th century. Pine was a popular wood species for flooring during this period due to its affordability and availability.
However, pine wood floors are still popular for new construction and renovation projects in the UK today. Many flooring suppliers and manufacturers offer various pine wood flooring options, including solid wood planks, engineered wood flooring, and reclaimed pine flooring.
Pinewood floors are versatile and can be stained or finished in many ways to suit different tastes and styles. They are particularly well-suited for rustic or country-style interiors but can also work well in contemporary or modern spaces when paired with the right decor and furnishings.


What type of finishes can you use on pine wood floors:

  • Oil:

An oil finish is another popular option for finishing pine wood. The oil penetrates the wood's pores and provides a natural, matte finish that enhances the wood's grain and texture. You can re-apply oil finishes as needed to maintain the wood's appearance and protect it from moisture and wear, as they are easy to apply. However, oil finishes may require more frequent maintenance than other finishes, as they give a different level of surface protection against scratches or stains.

Additionally, oil finishes can darken over time, so to ensure you achieve the desired colour, it's important to test the finish on a small section of the wood first. Overall, an oil finish can be a great choice for those looking for a natural, low-sheen finish that allows the beauty of the pine wood to shine through. Remembering that most oil finishes will darken the wood and bring out the orange dark tones.

This image of a pine floor that has been finished with Pallmann Magic Oil Ergo is stunning! It is a popular seller... to learn more or buy yours now click on the Image below:   

pallmann magic oil ergo ultimate floor care

  • Lacquer Finish:

When finishing a pine floor with lacquer, a few options exist. One popular choice is a water-based polyurethane lacquer, which provides a clear, durable finish that resists scratches, stains, and yellowing over time. Water-based lacquers dry quickly and have low odour, making them a good choice for indoor applications. Additionally, it's a good idea to test the lacquer finish on a small, inconspicuous area of the floor first to ensure that it provides the desired level of protection and appearance.

A lot of customers are wanting that lighter finish... If you are wanting a lighter / Whiter / Softer toned finish to a wooden floor then use Pallmann 330 primer and a Pallmann Topical Coat like Pallmann Pall-X 96 Pall-X 98. 

The image below is a floor that has used the Pallmann 330 White primer on a pine floor, to learn more and order click on what you would like below:

pallmann 330 White primer on a pine floor

What you need to know about staining a pine floor:

Staining a pine floor can be a great way to magnify the natural beauty of the wood and achieve a specific colour or tone. These are some things to think about when staining a pine floor:

  1. Choose the right stain: Many different types and colours of wood stain are available, so it's essential to choose a stain formulated for use on pine wood. You can test the stain on a small, hidden section of the floor first to ensure that you achieve the desired colour and consistency.
  2. Sand the floor thoroughly: Before staining, the pine floor should be sanded thoroughly to ensure that the surface is free of any scratches or blemishes and smooth. Use high-quality sandpaper and work in the direction of the wood grain.
  3. Apply the stain evenly: When applying the stain, use a brush, roller, or applicator pad to ensure that the stain is applied evenly across the entire floor. Work in small sections and wipe away any excess stain with a clean cloth.
  4. Allow the stain to dry completely: Pine wood can absorb stain unevenly, so it's important to allow the stain to dry thoroughly and then you can apply a sealer or topcoat. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for drying time and ventilation.
  5. Seal the floor: After the stain has dried, apply a sealer or topcoat to protect the wood and enhance the stain colour. Choose a product that is specifically made for use on stained pine floors and follow the manufacturer's instructions for application and drying time.
  6. Maintain the floor: To keep your stained pine floor looking its best, it's important to clean it regularly and avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasives that can damage the finish. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for maintenance and care.

A few options are available here at Ultimate Floor Care:

Morrells light fast reactive stain alcohol based great for changing the coloration of pine. Check it out on this pine floor:

Morrells reactive stain on pine floor Wood Floor Sanding/Restoration Ultimate Floor Care

To learn more about Morrells light fast reactive stain click on the blog below, where you can also buy yours:

morrells colour stain ultimate floor care

Pallmann colour concentrate stain with pal-X333... Pallmann Water based staining uses staining mixing with oil enhancing and adding colour to the wood! Check it out on this customers stunning pine floor, click on the image to order yours now:

Pallmann colour concentrate stain with pal-X333 on pine floor Wood Floor Sanding/Restoration Ultimate Floor Care

Filling gaps in pine wood floors:

"Pine slithers" and "strip filling methods" are techniques used to fill gaps in a pine wood floor. Here's a brief overview of each method:
Pine slithers: This method involves cutting small slivers of pine wood to fit into the gaps between the floorboards. The slivers are coated with glue and tapped into place with a hammer and chisel. Once the glue has dried, any excess wood is removed, and the floor is sanded and finished as usual.

Strip filling method: This method involves filling the gaps between the floorboards with thin strips of wood that are the same width as the gaps. The strips are coated with glue and tapped into place with a hammer and chisel. Once the glue has dried, any excess wood is removed, and the floor is sanded and finished as usual.
Both methods can be effective for filling gaps in a pine wood floor, but they require some skill and experience to do correctly. It's essential to choose the right type of filler material and to follow the manufacturer's instructions for application and drying time. It's also a good idea to talk with a professional flooring contractor or a knowledgeable sales representative at a flooring supply store to help you choose the best method for your situation.


What machines do you use for pine wood floors?

Pine floors can be very uneven, so we always recommend using a belt sander… You will also find sanding from all points of a compass is necessary due to how uneven it can be.
Here at Ultimate Floor Care, you can purchase:

pallmann cobra classic belt sander wood floor sanding ultimate floor care
BONA UX 2.2 BELT SANDER 8" – Ultimate Floor Care

Sometimes when you get to a job you find what most contractors call "the black death"… this is a name given to the black ceramic paint you will see in this image below:
As you may have found out yourself already… this is every contractor nightmare! But never fear, Ultimate Floor Company has a fantastic tool called Diamabrush softwood tool. Perfect for these tricky situations with such a soft wood.
To learn more about this fantastic softwood tool, check out the YouTube below:

Previous article The Importance of PPE in the Wood Floor Sanding Industry

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